What is vascular surgery?
Vascular surgery is performed when vascular disease cannot be treated by less invasive, nonsurgical treatments. Artery disease is a condition in which blood clots, arteriosclerosis, and other vascular conditions occur in the arteries. Venous disease involves problems that occur in the veins. Vascular diseases may occur in arteries, veins, or both veins and arteries. Vascular diseases treatment includes endovascular surgeries like balloon angioplasty or stenting, aortic and peripheral vascular endovascular stent/graft placement, thrombolysis, and other adjuncts for vascular reconstruction.
Most of the vascular diseases are usually caused by conditions that clog or weaken blood vessels. Or damage valves that control the flow of blood in veins, thus absorbs vital blood nutrients and oxygen. Common diseases that affects the arteries are peripheral vascular disease (PVD), carotid artery disease, and aortic aneurysms (AAA).
In order for a patient to be diagnosed with a vascular disease, they must be clinically evaluated by a vascular surgeon, which includes a history and physical tests. The vascular surgeon may suggest treatment by non-operative means, including drug therapy and risk factor management.
The vascular surgeon may perform an evaluation of all organ systems including the heart, lungs, circulatory system, kidneys, and the gastrointestinal system. The decision whether to have surgery or not is based on the results of these tests.
Vascular Disease Treatment
Vascular surgery is performed on diseased arteries to prevent strokes or heart attacks, improve or relieve angina or hypertension, remove aneurysms, improve claudication, and save legs that would otherwise have to be amputated. The surgery may aim of repairing the artery, bypassing it, or replacing it.
- Bypass surgery is recommended for people having many areas of blockage or a long, continuous blockage.
- Aortobifemoral bypass surgery is preferred for PVD affecting the major abdominal artery (aorta) and the large arteries that branch off of it.
- In thromboendarterectomy, the inner diseased layers of the artery are removed, relatively normal outer coats of the artery are left.
- Resection involves a technique to remove a diseased artery following an aneurysm; a bypass is created with a synthetic graft.
- In a bypass graft surgery, a vein graft from another part of the body or a graft made from artificial material is used to create a detour around a blocked artery.
- Tibioperoneal bypass surgery is used for PVD affecting the arteries in the lower leg or foot.
Other examples of vascular surgery include:
- cerebral aneurysm
- acute arterial and graft occlusion
- carotid endarterectomy
- endovascular grafting
- vasculogenic erectile dysfunction
- renal artery aneurysm
- varicose veins treatment
- lower extremity amputation
Why choose us?
Dr. Kaurabhi Zade is renowned Vascular Surgeon in Pune. She has completed MBBS and DMRD form MUHS in 2009 and 2011 respectively. Later, she completed DNB – Radio Diagnosis from NBE in 2013. She is certified interventional radiologist from European Board Certification in Intervention Radiology (EBIR). She has set many benchmarks in the form of professional accomplishments. Dr. Kaurabhi is active member of Maharashtra Medical Council.
Dr. Kaurabhi Zade provides treatment for Peripheral arterial diseases, that includes Gangrene of the legs and hands. Stroke due to carotid artery disease, non-healing leg ulcers, Varicose Veins and Deep Vein thrombosis, Aortic Aneurysm, Arterio Venous fistula and Arterio venous malformations. She constantly update treatment methods with newer techniques and innovations and has performed many vascular surgeries successfully.
- Arteries: Aterial embolectomies, endarterectomy, Aortic aneurysm repair, Aorta femoral, and Femoral Popliteal Bypass surgeries.
- Venous Varicose Vein Surgery: Repair of AVM (Arterio Venous Malformation)
- AV Fistulae
- Laser Ablation of varicose veins (EVLT)
- DVT management
- Lymphatic: treatment of Lymphoedema
- Others:Carotid Body Tumor Surgery
- Diabetic Foot Surgery
- Lumbar Sympathectomy Surgery
- Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Surgery
- Balloon Angioplasty Stenting (Abdominal & Renal)
Commonly asked questions
1. Is vascular surgery painful?
Vascular Pain. If you are experiencing lack of circulation, pain, or heaviness in certain areas, you might be having vascular pain. This develops when there is interruption in blood flow to a tissue, organ or nerves. Therapy may include medications, angioplasty, or bypass surgery.
2. Why would you need vascular surgery?
Vascular surgeons manage veins and arteries in every part of the body except the brain and the heart. For example, vascular surgeons handle blocked carotid arteries in the neck…. Peripheral vascular disease, which often affects the arteries in the legs and feet, also is treated by a vascular surgeon.
3. What conditions do vascular surgeons treat?
A vascular surgeon diagnoses, treats, and manages conditions in your arteries and veins, also called your blood vessels. These specialists treat a range of healthproblems, from spider and varicose veins to life-threatening aneurysms, and can help patients manage chronic conditions throughout their lives.
4. Is Vascular Surgery dangerous?
Because many patients undergoing vascular surgery have atherosclerosis or other known risk factors for stroke — such as high blood pressure, coronary arterydisease, or diabetes — they are expected to be at high risk of stroke.
5. How long does it take to heal from vascular surgery?
Bypass surgery on your legs has all the dangers of major surgery. It takes two to three weeks for the wound to heal. Risks include infection, bleeding from the wound, and complications from anaesthesia, such as trouble breathing or pneumonia.